Al-Hizaga’s Counsel for Oligarchs is a medieval Islamic treatise in the ‘Mirror for Princes’ genre. Many have taken it to be a satire on the decline of the Abbasid Caliphate. It has an ironic tone that made its practical value questionable, though it made for popular bedtime reading among viziers. Rulers found it distasteful due to its casual views on religion and naked enthusiasm for power. It was copied frequently enough that it was necessary to subject it to public burnings at least once every generation. Below are a few selections.